How long does the ap psych exam take
- Exam Schedule. The 2024 AP Exams will be administered in AP authorized schools and test centers as paper-and-pencil exams over two weeks in May: May 6-10 and May 13-17. Early testing or testing at times other than those published by Advanced Placement (AP) is not permitted under any circumstances.3. Underline or circle what each question part is asking you. 4. Plan out your response BEFORE you start writing. 5. Practice, practice, and then practice some more. 20 AP® Psychology FRQ Tips to Scoring a 4 or 5. 7 AP® Psychology Concept Application Question Tips and Test Taking Strategies.AP Exams are only given once a year, but you may repeat an exam in a subsequent year. If you do, both scores will be reported unless you request that one be withheld or canceled. If an unexpected issue occurs during the exam you were scheduled for or that prevents you from testing on your scheduled exam dates, your AP coordinator will advise ... cpb jobs The pilot program for AP exams was launched in 1952 and tested high schoolers in 11 subjects. In 1954, around 530 high school students took AP exams. They paid $10 to take the test and received scores on a scale of 1-5. A year later, the College Board took over testing and launched the AP program as we know it today.AP Psychology is a college-level course providing students an overview of the development of human behaviors and thoughts. Along with preparation for the AP Psychology exam, the goals of this course are to immerse students in modern psychological investigation techniques, to accentuate the ethics and morality of human and animal research, and to emphasize scientific critical thinking skills in ...AP Psychology. 17.0%. 22.2%. 19.1%. 13.1%. 28.5%. AP United States Government and Politics. 12%. 10.9%. 25.8%. 25.7%. ... You can only study for so long and there is only so much information you can retain before you burn out. Pencil in a few breaks on your study schedule and take some time away from your notes, textbooks, and tests ...How Long Is Each AP Exam? Below is a chart showing the total length for each AP exam, sorted by alphabetical order. (AP exams that have final portfolios instead of exams, such as AP Studio Art, weren't included.) The total length of AP exams ranges from 1 hour and 30 minutes to 3 hours and 15 minutes.The reason why there is so much to know is that understanding the brain is vital to understand psychology as a subject, not just for the AP® Psychology exam. The sections about the biological aspect of psychology (including the brain) is 8-10% of the exam as a whole, which is one of the few highest percentages that will show up.Jun 26, 2023 · AP Psychology Exam Duration and Time Limits. The AP Psychology exam is a timed exam that lasts for 2 hours and 30 minutes. The first section, which includes 100 multiple-choice questions, lasts for 70 minutes. The second section, which includes two free-response questions, lasts for 50 minutes. hairstyles with braids black hairdaily mirror quick crossword Our extensive question and answer sessions are sure to help you answer those questions and succeed on the AP Psychology exam! Units 4-5 Q&A Study Session. written by John Mohl. AP Psych Q&A Study Session: Unit 7. written by John Mohl. AP Cram Sessions 2021. AP Psychology Finale .No, it's not hard. I just used quizlet to study for the exam and whatever the teacher gave and I got a 5. To be honest, this was the class I allowed myself to get a B in so that I could work more in other classes like AP Euro, which is much more rigorous than AP Psychology. However, don't underestimate it because I had annoying idiots in that ...There are two sections on the AP psych exam: a Free Response section, which involves writing two essays, and a Multiple Choice section, which has 100 multiple choice questions. Meryl will have an ...The following strategies for answering the free-response questions will help you on exam day. Please note: These strategies apply to exams taken in the traditional paper and pencil format, and may not apply to the digital AP Psychology Exams. Answering free-response questions generally requires a good deal of training and practice. 1643 new york avenue We're going live to review everything you need to know for your AP Psychology exam the night before test day!More AP Resources:FREE STUDY GUIDES:https://marc...This toolkit is being constantly updated with more resources! AP Psychology is an introductory coll. Toggle Navigation. Support Home ; Fiveable+ ; General ; Fiveable Library ... 🚨 All you need to know about the 2023 AP Psych Exam! The AP Psychology Exam. A breakdown of the exam by percentage. Unit Exam Weighting (Multiple-Choice Section ... how to enable dolby atmos on samsung tvdark blue tablecloth 77-92 Raw Composite Score = 3 AP Score. 65-76 Raw Composite Score = 2 AP Score. 0-64 Raw Composite Score = 1 AP Score. Further, for the AP Psychology exam 2020, the percentage of students who got these scores were as follows: 5 AP Score: 22.4% of Students. 4 AP Score: 25.4% of Students. 3 AP Score: 23.5% of Students.This is the deadline for the AP coordinator to submit the exam order for all full-year and first-semester AP courses, and all exam only sections in AP Registration and Ordering. Add to Calendar. Fri, Mar 15, 2024. 11:59 PM ET. Ordering Deadline for Spring Courses and to Change Fall Exam OrdersIf you have a little time directly after class, sit down and spend 15 to 20 minutes going over your notes from the day. In addition to this regular review time, spend a few hours each week studying your notes in greater depth. Consider creating flashcards and completing practice tests to memorize vocabulary terms and. 4. pajama clip art free Susan Chu January 16, 2023 The 2023 AP exams will take place over a two-week period in May: May 1-5 and May 8-12. The AP Psychology exam for 2023 will be a full-length paper-and-pencil exam that students can take in school only. Here is what you need to know to do well in the upcoming AP Psychology exam. heath hawk baseball The Postsecondary Education Readiness Test is a college placement test used to determine a student's skills, abilities and readiness for college level coursework. The PERT exam is required for all degree-seeking students in the Florida College System and helps determine which initial English, reading and ...As long as you don't get a crappy teacher, I'm pretty sure you'll survive well. Even if you bomb AP psych, that'll better prepare you anyway if you decide to major in psychology in college. badatgamess • 2 yr. ago. sounds like a good idea to be cautious, i could def just let the teacher know i'll suck at homework lol.And therefore, you should adapt your studying accordingly. So, soak up the information we are sharing with you in these 5 Approaches to AP® Psychology review, but always feel free to tweak and maneuver all of our recommendations so they fit you the best. We want you to succeed too, so make these steps work for you! 1.How long does the AP Psych exam take 2022? The AP Psych exam is 2 hours long and has two sections: a multiple-choice section and a a free-response section. What day is the AP Psychology exam 2022? - Related Questions. What percent is a 5 on AP Psych? 17.0%. Is it easy to get a 5 on AP Psych?By Sarah Mervosh. Aug. 4, 2023. Students in Florida may be permitted to take Advanced Placement Psychology in the coming school year, officials said on Friday, a day after the College Board had ... nbelite Prepare for the AP exams. Access AP Exam overviews, as well as AP exam information, AP practice tests and AP study books for AP students.AP Psychology Scoring. The AP Psychology Exam is scored on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the highest score. The score is determined by combining the scores from both the multiple-choice and free-response sections of the exam. The multiple-choice section of the exam is worth two-thirds of the total score and is worth 60-70 points.Section 1: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) You have 1 hour and 10 minutes to answer 100 MCQs. These will count for 66.7% of your total exam score. Section 2: Free Response Questions (FRQ) You have 50 minutes to answer 2 FRQs. These will count for 33.3% of your total exam score. Here is also a quick breakdown of what units are on the test: Unit ... Made for any learning environment, AP teachers can assign these short videos on every topic and skill as homework alongside topic questions, warm-ups, lectures, reviews, and more. AP students can also access videos on their own for additional support. Videos are available in AP Classroom, on your Course Resources page.AP Score Release Dates for 2022. AP Scores will be released in July 2022. Per the College Board website, there is little else said for this year’s specific release dates. However, if we base it on how scores have been released in the past, most scores should be released by mid-July; as the time approaches, College Board usually posts a more ...The AP World History (APWH) digital exam format is the same as the paper test and consists of two sections: Multiple-Choice Section: This section consists of approximately 55 multiple-choice questions and lasts for 55 minutes. Document-Based Question (DBQ) and Long Essay Question (LEQ) Section: This section consists of one DBQ and two LEQ ...A Complete Guide | BestColleges Is AP Psychology Hard? A Complete Guide AP Psychology awards college credit for passing test scores. But how hard is … sihoo ergonomic office chair reviewsfamily dollar belding michigan As you might have figured out, AP self-study is when you study the material for an AP exam independently instead of taking the course associated with the exam. For some students, this takes the form of what is essentially a self-organized independent study. Others just grab a prep book a month before the exam, blaze through it, and hope for the ...1. AP Psychology. 20.5%. 25.3%. 18.7%. 13.5%. 22%. In 2019, 64.5% of students who took the AP Psychology exam received a score of 3 or higher. 20.5% of students received the top score of 5, while 22% scored a 1 on the exam. Keep in mind that credit and advanced standing based on AP scores varies widely from college to college.See full list on blog.collegevine.com In this video, we go over AP Psychology FRQ tips in the form of five simple steps to help you write more effective AP Psychology free responses. If you follo...AP Credit Policy Search. Your AP scores could earn you college credit or advanced placement (meaning you could skip certain courses in college). Use this tool to find colleges that offer credit or placement for AP scores.Mar 20, 2023 · AP® courses are meant to teach students at an introductory college level. Compared to other AP® exams, AP® Psychology is considered one of the easier exams to pass in the AP® catalog for the reasons described below. In 2022, the AP® Psychology exam had a passing rate of 58.3%, with a mean score of 2.86. Historically, the AP® Psychology ... Allow yourself a minimum of 2-3 hours per week to study for the exam. However, do not study one time a week for multiple hours. Break up your time over the week in 20-30 minute intervals. Chunk the information: Don't overload yourself with pages and pages of notes. Break it down into "bite-size" pieces. Review all types of information: By ...The AP psychology course has been popular in Florida and nationwide. According to the College Board, more than 28,600 Florida students took the course exam in May. Last year, about 292,000 ...When you are taking a practice exam, set a timer, and create the conditions of the real AP exam. Try to make yourself comfortable, and do it without your notes …According to College Board, “The 2022 AP Exams will be administered in schools as paper-and-pencil* exams over two weeks in May: May 2–6 and May 9–13.”. Scores for exams will be made available starting July 2022, at 7am EST. The exact dates are to be announced. Previously, scores were released in waves by different states.The exam allows 3.5 hours to answer 175 questions (150 scored plus 25 pretest questions that are not scored). For exam prep resources, scroll down to view Study Aids. If you do not pass a certification exam, learn about retesting. STEP 1: Review Pricing, Eligibility Requirements, and FAQsThese tips are applicable to virtually any topic, so start working on your own personal approach to test-taking in order to determine which techniques work best for you. Whenever you take a test, spend a little time evaluating what you did that worked well and how you might apply those skills again in the future. 1. grunge photoshop texture Although it is natural to be excited to see how well you performed on your AP exams, it's important that you know that it will be a while before your AP scores come out. While AP exams will be administered during the week of May 2- May 6 and the week of May 9- May 13 this year, according to the College Board, AP scores won't be released ...The farthest right is the top percentile for IQ, and the farthest left on the curve is the bottom percentile for IQ. The middle 68.2% represents average IQ. Only about 2.6% of people are gifted. The 13.5% on the curve represents above average IQ but not gifted. This normal bell curve, as we discussed in unit 1, is all about intelligence scores ...AP Psychology Exam Structure AP PSYCHOLOGY EXAM: 2 HOURS Assessment Overview The AP Psychology Exam assesses student understanding of the skills and learning targets outlined in the course framework. The exam is 2 hours long and includes 100 multiple-choice questions and 2 free-response questions. Format of Assessment Experience a new era of AI-enhanced learning. Quizlet is more than flashcards: it's the #1 global learning platform. Join our community of 300 million learners using Quizlet's practice tests, Expert Solutions and AI-powered tools to improve their grades and reach their goals. how old is shigaraki AP Score Release Dates for 2023. If you took your AP exams in May, you can expect your scores to be available in early to mid July, 2023. Although College Board has not announced an exact date when scores will be released, they traditionally become available by the second week in July. Each student typically receives all their test scores at ...Students planning to continue study of this language must take the appropriate Rutgers placement test. AP credits alone cannot be used to determine the appropriate course at which to begin your study of this language at Rutgers. Score: 4 Rutgers Course(s) Granted: 01:560:131 Total Credits: 4. Score: 5 Rutgers Course(s) Granted: 01:560:131 & 01: ...My fiance will likely have to do a psych. exam due to wrist scars from ten years ago. My questions are: 1) How long will we have to wait between the medical and the psych exam? 2) Is it a one day thing?The AP Psychology framework included in the course and exam description outlines distinct skills that students should practice throughout the year—skills that will help them learn to think and act like psychologists. 1. Concept Understanding. Define, explain, and apply concepts, behavior, theories, and perspectives. 2. accident lawyers in greenville nc AP Psychology Exam Date – AP Students | College Board. Thursday, May 9, 2024 12 PM Local.Advanced Placement Credit (AP) ... We encourage transfer students to submit any official AP exam scores to be considered in the review process. AP exam scores will not be used in the first-year admission review process, but you may receive credit towards your degree once enrolled. ... Psychology: 3: PSY 200: 3: Spanish Language: 3: FLS 102: 3 ...AP Exam Length. AP Exams typically take between two and three hours to complete. On the AP Psychology exam, students are allotted two hours to complete its 100 multiple-choice questions and two ... How Long Is the AP Biology Exam? Total 3 hours: 90-minute multiple-choice section (60 questions) followed by a 10-minute break and an 80-minute free-response section (6 questions). ... The AP Psychology exam is one of the shortest AP exams (just two hours long), but can be a challenging test for students, as it contains highly specific theory ...AP Psychology 2022 Free-Response Questions: Set 1 Author: ETS Subject: Free-Response Questions from the 2022 AP Psychology Exam Keywords: Psychology; Free-Response Questions; 2022; exam resources; exam information; teaching resources; exam practice; Set 1 Created Date: 7/28/2021 2:27:59 PMHere we discuss some factors to consider before taking AP psychology, the AP psychology exam, and whether you should take it. Get in touch: +1-800-991-0126. Get in touch: +1-800-991-0126. Programs. ... Overall, the AP psychology exam should be easy, so long as you have effectively studied using your textbook and the class. The multiple-choice ... 1000 mxn to usdtires montrose co Apstudents.collegeboard.org › Courses › Ap-psychologyAP Psychology - AP Students | College Board. Tue, May 2, 2023, 12 PM Local ... AP Psychology Exam. This is the regularly scheduled date for the AP Psychology Exam. ... The biological basis of short- and long ...Prepare both Body and Mind. We know that this AP® World History review on the best multiple choice strategies is not the only thing you've read in your studies for the AP® World History exam. Between textbooks, AP® World History practice exams, and internet resources you're probably prepping your mind the best you can.2023-24 AP School Year Timeline. Use this timeline to plan ahead, access AP support for educators and students, and keep track of deadlines throughout the 2023-24 school year. For a more in-depth view for managing your AP program, refer to the AP coordinator calendar. advance auto parts w broad st Cicada-Visible • 2 yr. ago. I studied alot and I took alot of practice tests before I took the online version. In my opinion, the online test is significantly more difficult than past exams issued by The College Board. MCQ: The MCQ was more content heavy, meaning that mostly all topics were covered.Taking AP Exams in 2024. AP Exams are administered only in May each year and require advance registration. A few secondary schools in India offer both AP courses and AP Exams, but limit testing to their enrolled students only. Authorized AP test centers are open to all students so long as they are eligible to test.The percentages of the multiple choice are clearly stated in the CED, course and exam description. The best way to get a feel is to take released exams or find old exams. Join my Google classroom and I'll assign you Quizizzes that will give you a really good feel for the exam.AP Psychology score distributions, 2019 vs. 2021. The following table enables comparisons of student performance in 2021 to student performance on the comparable full-length exam prior to the covid-19 pandemic. Of these 262,700 students, 6 students achieved a perfect score from all professors/readers on all free-response questions and correctly ... heavenly nails and esthetics Under standard conditions, most AP Exams take 2-3 hours. For subjects that correspond to half-year college courses, the exam is closer to two hours. An accommodation for extended time usually gives either 50% or 100% more time.1. Chu1223 • 28 days ago. 5!! took class online completed all assignments very very last minute stayed up till 3am frantically studying the night before skipped morning classes to sleep some more and was pretty confident I got a 5 after the test so yayyy i'm glad. 3. Address-Ecstatic • 28 days ago.1. While short-term memory holds approximately 7 items, long-term memory is essentially limitless. 2. We do not store information as libraries store their books, in precise locations. Instead, many parts of the brain interact as we encode, store, and retrieve information that forms our memories. 32-2 . 1. a. Episodic b. Semantic c. Semantic 2. back scratching machinemilitary police insignia Apstudents.collegeboard.org › Courses › Ap-psychologyAP Psychology - AP Students | College Board. Tue, May 2, 2023, 12 PM Local ... AP Psychology Exam. This is the regularly scheduled date for the AP Psychology Exam. ... The biological basis of short- and long ...Earning college credit depends on your AP exam score and your prospective schools' policies for awarding AP credits. Generally speaking, scores of 3 or higher are accepted for college credit, but ...1. The AP ® Psychology Exam is designed to assess your performance in a college-level introduction to psychology course; thus, it should be standardized using a population of college students after completing an introduction to psychology course in college. The same test should be given to the college students and the AP ® chemical equation for sulfuric acid AP Score Report Access Schedule. The 2024 access schedule will be available in the spring of 2024.The reason why there is so much to know is that understanding the brain is vital to understand psychology as a subject, not just for the AP® Psychology exam. The sections about the biological aspect of psychology (including the brain) is 8-10% of the exam as a whole, which is one of the few highest percentages that will show up.Each free-response question is worth 7 points. When you take the AP exam, your scores will be multiplied by 3.57 so that, in total, the free-response section makes up ⅓ of your total raw AP Psychology exam score. (Your raw score is then compared with the curve calculated by the College Board to see what score you'll get on the final 1-5 AP ...AP Human Geography. AP Human Geography is another popular self-study option with a reputation for having fairly easy material that's limited in scope. The test is on the shorter side, clocking in at only two hours and 15 minutes, with 60 multiple choice questions and three free-response questions. kenmore electric stove manual In the spirit of AP testing next week, here's the story of me making up a book that doesn't exist for the AP lit exam. 243. 22. r/APStudents. Join. • 4 days ago. Being told I'm not eligible for 2023 AP exams this morning, less than 2 WEEKS before the exam. What can I do?No. 2 pencils for your multiple-choice answer sheet. (Students outside the U.S.: bring HB or No. 2 pencils.) Pens with black or dark blue ink for completing areas on the exam booklet covers and for free-response questions in most exams. An acceptable calculator if your AP Exam allows the use of a calculator. If you don't attend the school ...Our extensive question and answer sessions are sure to help you answer those questions and succeed on the AP Psychology exam! Units 4-5 Q&A Study Session. written by John Mohl. AP Psych Q&A Study Session: Unit 7. written by John Mohl. AP Cram Sessions 2021. Download AP Psychology Cheat Sheet PDF Cram Chart. curious george mother's day surprise Course Summary. Get ready to take the AP Psychology exam by using this exam preparation course as your study guide. Our instructors carefully divided this course into focused chapters, giving you ...The AP psychology course has been popular in Florida and nationwide. According to the College Board, more than 28,600 Florida students took the course exam in May. Last year, about 292,000 ...How many Florida students take AP Psychology? ... The school districts with the most AP Psychology exams were public schools in Miami-Dade County (3,098), Orange County (2,856), Broward County ...As long as you don't get a crappy teacher, I'm pretty sure you'll survive well. Even if you bomb AP psych, that'll better prepare you anyway if you decide to major in psychology in college. badatgamess • 2 yr. ago. sounds like a good idea to be cautious, i could def just let the teacher know i'll suck at homework lol.Paragraphs can include 2-3 sentences, just as long as you answer the question. DO NOT bullet your paragraphs! First thing to do: Process the prompt. 1. Circle the vocabulary words. 2. Put a square around any verbs (in the prompt for the subject as well as what it wants you to do). 3. Double Underline important people to the prompt. 4. variety wholesalers distribution centers Typically, an AP test covers material that would be taught over the course of one semester in a college setting. Most frequently, a student who wishes to take an AP exam will first take an AP course offered at the high school they attend. AP courses, which count for high-school credit, take the material tested on an AP exam and teach it over ...The FRQs for Psych are also pretty straightforward and even though the graders are really strict about looking for specific types of answers, the average scores for the FRQs are super low, so a bad score on the FRQ won't really affect your overall AP score much as long as you do well on the MC.</p>. pinnipotto November 14, 2006, 5:52pm 4.Many students take AP Psych as their first AP, deeming it as one of their "easier" exams. Format of the Exam For the first section of the exam, you are given 70 minutes to answer 100 multiple-choice questions 🤔 These 100 questions count for 67% of your total score.Even with such growth, 88% earned scores of 3+, same as last year. 15 students so far, out of ~75,000 who completed AP Seminar this year, earned all 150/150 points possible across their projects, presentations, and final exam. We'll notify them and their schools in the fall when all late exam scoring is complete.70% or better for exams taken prior to Fall 2022. SOCI 120: Criminal Justice: 70% or better: SOCI LD (3 credits) Psychology: 75% or better for exams taken Fall 2022-forward 70% or better for exams taken prior to Fall 2022. PSYC 110: World History: 70% or better for exams taken Fall 2022-forward 75% or better for exams taken prior to Fall 2022 ...Advanced Placement (AP) examinations are exams offered in United States by the College Board and are taken each May by students. The tests are the culmination of year-long Advanced Placement (AP) courses, which are typically offered at the high school level. AP exams (with few exceptions) have a multiple-choice section and a free-response section.. AP Studio Art requires students to submit a ... may visa bulletin 2023 predictionsladder wow AP US History: Learn what Advanced Placement test score you'll need on the United States History exam to earn college credit and get into college. Pgiam/E+/Getty Images United States History is the second most popular Advanced Placement top...Many students take AP Psych as their first AP, deeming it as one of their "easier" exams. Format of the Exam For the first section of the exam, you are given 70 minutes to answer 100 multiple-choice questions 🤔 These 100 questions count for 67% of your total score. u2 new album release date Section IB: Short Answer. 3 questions 40mins 20% of Score. In the short-answer section, you'll write answers to questions in your test booklet. Some questions include texts, images, graphs, or maps. Question 1 is required, includes 1-2 secondary sources, and focuses on historical developments or processes between the years 1754 and 1980.While the exact times and dates aren't certain, all scores will be available by the end of July. From 2020 to 2022, AP score release dates were delayed due to the covid-19 crisis, with some states experiencing greater delays than others. 3.The exam will take place on Tuesday, May 3, 2023, at noon. Before we get into the details of each section, here's an overview of what AP Psych looks like: AP Psychology. Here is a quick rundown of the multiple-choice section format: Number of Questions: 100. Time: 70 minutes. tcl phone remote So, you've decided to take an AP® Psychology course, and now you're wondering how on earth you're meant to go about studying for the exam. Well, you've comeAP Psychology Last-Minute Review AP Psychology Playlist: https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCEja84uspXspP6Fff7gdmMo-BkLGTGP1 AP Psych CED: https://apcentral...Yes. If you've been approved for any accommodations by the College Board SSD office, you'll be able to take a digital AP Exam with the necessary accommodations. Many accommodations work the same way for digital exams as they do for paper exams, but there may be some differences. Speak with your SSD coordinator or AP coordinator if you have ...Late testing is only available with paper exams. The only exception is AP African American Studies, for the schools participating in the pilot in 2023-24. Occasionally, circumstances may prevent you from taking the AP Exam on the regularly scheduled exam date. Ask your AP coordinator about your school's options.Register for AP Exams. You’ll need to join your class section online in order to register for the exam. Your school’s AP coordinator will order your exam materials and collect all fees. The deadline to register for exams is in the fall, but specific deadlines may vary by school—be sure to check with your teacher or AP coordinator. Are you considering pursuing a career as a psychiatric nurse practitioner (NP)? With the increasing demand for mental health care, this profession is becoming more and more popular.AP Psychology Exam This is the regularly scheduled date for the AP Psychology Exam. chevrolet trailblazer 2022 review 1. rinidaboss • 1 yr. ago. didnt come up on my test but that is a symptom of anti-psychotic drugs. anti-psychotic drugs are used to treat schizophrenia so they decrease dopamine supply, but if you decrease dopamine supply enough, people get Parkinson's disease symptoms, which is what tardive dyskinesia is. 2.The AP Scoring Scale. Each AP test is given a score from 1 to 5. According to the College Board (the group that administers AP tests), these numbers translate in the following ways: 5: Extremely Well Qualified. 4: Well Qualified. 3: Qualified. 2: Possibly Qualified.The AP US History exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes long in total. It is divided into two sections, the first of which consists of a multiple choice portion and a short answer portion. The multiple choice portion contains 55 questions and is 55 minutes long. This is worth 40% of your total score.